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Absolute dating methods have been developed over the last five decades (Jull and Scott, 2007).
They are now largely used to date not only palaeontological or organic remains, but also minerals that characterise detrital clastic sedimentary material.
With improvements in methodology and instrumentation, luminescence dating is becoming a much more useful chronometric tool in archaeology.
These procedures are described as clearly as possible in order to provide useful information for geomorphologists interested in the method, and illustrated by a case study that has involved luminescence dating of fluvial sands (samples LUM 975 and LUM 978) from the lower alluvial terrace of the Moselle River (M1 terrace as defined by S. However, it is essential to keep in mind that the protocols (preparation of the sediments, measurements) may vary from one laboratory to the other: the presentation does not aim to be exhaustive, but to reference the main procedures at each step of the dating.
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This paper aims to provide an overview concerning the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating method and its applications for geomorphological research in France.
The rate of release depends on four main parameters: i) the kind of mineral: the eviction occurs faster for quartz than for feldspars (reduction of the luminescence signal by a factor of 100 in ~ 20 s for the former, but a few minutes for the latter; Godfrey-Smith , these are more efficient to stimulate and release the electrons.
Feldspars have the specificity of being sensitive both to short and to near-infrared or infrared wavelength (800-950 nm; Bøtter-Jensen ., 1994); iv) the sensitivity of the trap to light.